Heroic figures, icons, who were thought to rise above the petty partisan politics of the hour have shown themselves to have been partisans all along. And while that is just fine for some partisans, for others, it is a chip away at their identity and their fixed view of the world. The idea that someone or some institution could be transcendent provides both a sense of unity and security that allows partisan rivals to find common ground.
In the 18th century warfare was more or less believed to have a limited field. And civilians in towns and villages or cities were